Kotor, Njegusi, Cetinje, and King Nikola's Museum
Beverages - Glass of Wine & Water
Lunch - Local Favorites
Tour Participation Requirements
Special Medical Restriction
As you explore Old Town's maze of cobblestone streets, think of all who've walked these same steps: Romans, Saracens, Illyrians, Bulgarians, Serbians, Venetians, Ottomans, the Habsburgs, the French. Pirates and soldiers, traders and conquerers: They've come and gone since ancient times, and they all left their imprint – in the architecture, in the language and traditions, in the cuisine, in the expectation that new hardships might be required at any time.
The natural beauty of the region is enough to make anyone covetous of Kotor, but a well-protected strategic position across the Adriatic from Italy made it strategically vital. Thus the 850-year old bulwarks begun by a Roman emperor but completed hundreds of years later by the Venetians, who took over in 1420. (They had a good 377-year run.) The three-mile long walls proved to be less than invasion-proof, but they were an imposing physical barrier. And they still are, as anyone who's tried the 850-foot, 1,400-step climb to the top will attest. (The views for those who succeed are spectacular.)
Within these walls lies the Cathedral of St. Tryphon, a stunning example of Romanesque architecture consecrated in 1166. Its dramatic Baroque bell towers were added during reconstruction after an earthquake took down its entire facade in 1667.
Your guide will tell you about St. Tryphon, who's entombed here. Well, at least his head is. He lost it after martyring himself to a Roman sword in the year 250, during the last officially sanctioned persecution of the Empire's Christians. Which makes him the perfect patron saint for a city that's seen its fair share of sacrifice.
People were worshipping in St. Tryphon's Cathedral while Notre Dame in Paris was still on the drawing board. It's one of the oldest churches in Europe, and stands on the site of an even older one, built in 809. The "new" cathedral needed massive reconstruction after the 1667 earthquake and more repairs after a 1979 quake leveled much of Old Town. It's still the icon of the city.
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