Trabzon City Highlights Served with Turkish Tea
Tour Participation Requirements
Special Medical Restriction
Mustafa Kemel Ataturk has iconic status in Turkey, as a visit to the Ataturk Mansion confirms. Although the former president stayed here just briefly while visiting Trabzon in the 1920s and 30s, the elegant 1903 Art Nouveau mansion is now a proud monument to his memory.
At the end of World War I, the victors gathered in Istanbul with a plan of cutting up Turkey and dividing the spoils. Kemel, a successful war strategist at Gallipoli, swung into action to defend Turkish territory from the French, Italians, and Greeks. That was the Turkish War of Independence, and when it as over in 1923, the Turkish Republic was born, and Kemel – beloved by the Turkish people – was elected its president.
He wasn't satisfied to simply found a nation. As president, Kemel had a vision for a modern and democratic Turkey and, almost single-handedly, he forged the new nation from the ruins of the Ottoman Empire. He tossed out dated values and attitudes, gave women the vote, adopted the Western calendar, separated state and religion, and changed the alphabet from Arabic script to Roman letters. Step by step, he aligned the new country more closely with the West.
Kemel also directed the Turkish people to adopt Western-style surnames (last names previously reflected occupations). His own new surname, Ataturk, meaning "Father of the Turks," was granted in 1934. By decree of the Turkish Parliament, that name belongs to him alone.
Not too strong, not too weak…
Coffee was once Turkey's most popular drink, but when it became scarce and expensive after World War I, tea took over. Now Turks are among the world's top tea consumers, and making it is an art. The samovar holds hot water, while strong tea brews in a kettle above it. The hot water is used to dilute the tea to each drinker's preference – strong, (koyu), medium (tavsan kani), or weak (acik). Your tea will be just right, like the views from Boztepe Hill.
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